The Legacy of George Creed
A few carvings on the shores of Kejimkujik Lake were identified in 1873 by Joseph More, who reported them in his book History of Queens County. More’s brief descriptions and a keen interest in Mi’gmaq culture inspired George Creed (1829-1899), a postmaster living in South Rawdon. Creed decided to visit the site and draft the first detailed records of the carvings along the shores of Kejimkujik Lake and McGowan Lake (a lake east of the National Park). He completed his work in 1887-1888.
Creed used a special method by tracing the outline of the petroglyphs with an aniline pencil and pressing moist paper against them. Moisture helped transfer the pencil ink onto the paper. This technique created a mirror – or inverted – image of the carvings. Creed was the first to document rock art in Nova Scotia. Compelled by his desire to preserve those fragile depictions from harsh weather conditions and vandalism, Creed created a work of legacy. The McGowan Lake carvings are now under water due to a hydroelectric dam built in the 1940s. Creed’s invaluable tracings are kept at the Nova Scotia Museum.
George Creed, 1888.
Nova Scotia Archives MG 15 Vol.(12 E40, 12 D13, 12 C26, 13-II F11)