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Links and Bibliography

Useful links

Mi’kmaq Petroglyphs George Creed Tracings Collection

The American Rock Art Research Association

Parque Nacional Serra da Capivara

TARA. Trust for African Rock Art

Kakadu National Park – Rock Art

Arabian Rock Art Heritage

Il y a 36 000 ans. La Grotte Chauvet-Pont d’Arc, Ardèche

Il y a 19 000 ans. Lascaux

Museo Nacional y Centro de Investigación de Altamira

Underslös Museum -Tanum Rock Art Research Centre

The Rock Art of Alta – Alta Museum

ICOMOS. Conseil international des monuments et sites. Art rupestre


Further reading

Arnett, Chris

2015     Petroglyphs and place in Huupachesath and Snuneymuxw territories, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. In Botschaften in Stein: Zum Gedenken an Dietrich Evers, edited by Hans-Jurgen Beier and Hans-Peter Hinze, pp.169-179. Beitrage zur Ur-und Fruhgeschichte Mitteleuropas 78.

Arnett, Chris

2016     Rock Art of Nlaka’pamux: Indigenous Theory and Practice on the British Columbia Plateau. PhD thesis, Department of Anthropology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver. Available at

Arsenault, Daniel

1998     Esquisse du paysage sacré algonquien: Une étude contextuelle des sites rupestres du Boulier canadien. Recherches amérindiennes au Québec 28(2):19-39.

Arsenault, Daniel

2004     Analyzing and dating the Nisula Site, Quebec. In The Rock-Art of Eastern North America: Capturing Images and Insights, edited by C. Diaz-Granados and J. R. Duncan, pp. 344-360. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.

Arsenault, Daniel

2013     The aesthetic power of ancient Dorset images at Qajartalik, a unique petroglyph site in the Canadian Arctic. Boletín del Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino 18(2):19-32.

Arsenault, Daniel, Louis Gagnon, Charles A. Martijn and Alan Watchman

1995     Le projet Nisula : recherche pluridisciplinaire autour d’un site à pictogrammes (DeEh-1) en Haute-Côte-Nord. In Archéologies québécoises, edited by A.-M. Balac, C. Chapdelaine, N. Clermont and P. Desjardins, pp. 17-57. Paléo-Québec, No. 23. Recherches Amérindiennes au Québec, Montréal:

Arsenault, Daniel and Dagmara Zawadzka

2014     Spiritual places: Canadian Shield rock art within its sacred landscape. In Rock Art and Sacred Landscapes, edited by D. L. Gillette, M. Greer, M. H. Hayward and W. B. Murray, pp. 117-137. One World Archaeology, Vol. 8. Springer, London and New York.

Aubert, Maxime, Daniel Arsenault, Alan Watchman and Louis Gagnon

2004     L’art rupestre du Bouclier canadien : potentiel archéométrique. Canadian Journal of Archaeology 28(1):51-74.

Bonneau, A., J. Moyle, K. Dufourmentelle, D. Arsenault, C. Dagneau and M. Lamothe

2017     A pigment characterization approach to selection of dating methods and interpretation of rock art: The case of the Mikinak Site, Lake Wapizagonke, Quebec, Canada. Archaeometry 59(5):834-851.

Brink, Jack

2007     Rock art conservation research at Writing-on-Stone Provincial Park, Alberta. Revista de Arqueología Americana 25:55-99.

Brink, Jack

2011     Disappearing dreams at the Zephyr Creek rock art site, Alberta. Canadian Journal of Archaeology 35(2):193-231.

Conway, Thor

1993     Painted Dreams. Northwood Press, Minocqua, WI.

Conway, Thor and Julie Conway

1990     Spirits on Stone: The Agawa Pictographs. Heritage Discoveries Books, San Luis Obispo, CA.

Dewdney, Selwyn and Kenneth E. Kidd

1967     Indian Rock Paintings of the Great Lakes. 2nd ed. University of Toronto Press, Toronto.

Hill, Beth and Ray Hill

1974     Indian Petroglyphs of the Pacific Northwest. Hancock House, Saanichton.

Jones, Tim E. H.

2006     The Aboriginal Rock Paintings of the Churchill River. Reprinted. Saskatchewan Archaeological Society, Saskatoon. Published originally 1981, Saskatchewan Department of Culture and Youth.

Keyser, James D.

2017     From Iconic to Narrative: A DStretch Discovery at Writing-On-Stone. Canadian Journal of Archaeology 41(1):30-45.

Keyser, James D., David A. Kaiser and Jack Brink

2014     Red is the colour of blood: Polychrome rock art at Rattlesnake Cave, Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Archaeology 38(1):27-75.

Keyser, James D. and Klassen, Michael A.

2001     Plains Indian Rock Art. University of Washington Press, Seattle.

Klassen, Michael A.

1998     Icon and narrative in Transition: Contact Period rock art at Writing-On-Stone, southern Alberta, Canada. In The Archaeology of Rock Art, edited by C. Chippendale and P. S. C. Taçon, pp. 42-72. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Klassen, Michael A., James D. Keyser and Lawrence L. Loendorf

2000     Bird Rattle’s petroglyphs at Writing-On-Stone: Continuity in the Biographic rock art tradition. Plains Anthropologist 45(172):189-201.

Lemaitre, Serge

2013     Kekeewin ou Kekeenowin. Les peintures rupestres de l’est du Bouclier canadien. Paléo-Québec, No. 33. Recherches amérindiennes au Québec, Montréal.

Lundy, Doris

1974     Rock Art of the Northwest Coast. Master’s thesis, Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby. Available at

Molyneaux, Brian L.

1983     The study of prehistoric sacred places: Evidence from Lower Manitou Lake. Royal Ontario Museum Archaeology Paper 2, pp. 1-7.

Molyneaux, Brian L.

1984     Floating islands: The Micmac vision of sailing ships. Rotunda. Magazine of the Royal Ontario Museum, 18(1):6-11.

Molyneaux, Brian L.

1989     Concepts of humans and animals in Post-Contact Micmac rock art. In Animals into Art, edited by H. Morphy, pp. 193-214. One World Archaeology, Vol. 7. Unwin Hyman, Ltd., London.

Norder, John W.

2012     Landscapes of memory and presence in the Canadian Shield. In Enduring Motives: The Archaeology of Tradition and Religion in Native America, edited by L. Sundstrom and W. R. DeBoer, pp. 235-250. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.

Norder, John W. and Dagmara Zawadzka

2016     What the Places Teach Us: Challenges for cultural tourism and Indigenous stewardship of rock art sites in the North American Midcontinent. In Rock Art in the Contemporary World: Symbols, meaning and significance, edited by L.M. Brady and P.S.C. Taçon, pp. 59-81. University Press of Colorado, Boulder.

Rajnovich, Grace

1994     Reading Rock Art: Interpreting the Indian Rock Paintings of the Canadian Shield. Natural Heritage/Natural History Inc., Toronto.

Steinbring, Jack

1998     Aboriginal rock painting sites in Manitoba. Manitoba Archaeological Journal, 8(1&2).

Taçon, Paul S. C.

1993     Stylistic relationship between the Wakeham Bay petroglyphs of the Canadian Arctic and Dorset portable art. In Rock Art Studies: The Post-Stylistic Era or Where do we go from here?, edited by M. Lorblanchet and P. Bahn, pp. 151-162. Oxbow Monograph No. 35. Oxbow Books, Oxford.

Tassé, Gilles and Selwyn Dewdney

1977     Relevés et travaux récents sur l’art rupestre amérindien. Laboratoire d’Archéologie de l’Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal.

Vastokas, Joan M. and Romas K. Vastokas

1973     Sacred Art of the Algonkians: A Study of the Peterborough Petroglyphs. Mansard Press, Peterborough.

Wheeler, C. J.

1975     The Oxford House pictograph: The May May Quah Sao are alive and well at Oxford House. In Proceedings of the Second Congress, Canadian Ethnological Society edited by J. Freedman and J. H. Barkow, pp. 701-714. Canadian Ethnology Service Paper 28(2), Mercury Series. National Museum of Man, Ottawa.

York, Annie, Richard Daly and Chris Arnett

1993     They Write Their Dreams on The Rocks Forever: Rock Writings of the Stein River Valley, British Columbia. Talonbook, Vancouver.

Zawadzka, Dagmara

2013     Beyond the sacred: Temagami area rock art and Indigenous routes. Ontario Archaeology (93):159-199.

Zawadzka, Dagmara

2016     Recent rock art research in Canada. In Rock Art: News of the World 5, edited by P. Bahn, N. Franklin, M. Strecker and K. Devlet, pp. 215-224. Archaeopress, Oxford.